Health Facts – Health Tips Seeker, Do you already know the symptoms and treatment of zika virus? Yes, now Zika virus was spreading rapidly across the world, including America. The spread of this virus is very surprising everyone and also makes us more vigilant.
Everyone is urged to be more vigilant against a virus that is spread by mosquitoes. And the most important is that you are required to know the symptoms and treatments that you can do to you and your family can be spared from this virus.
If you want to know more, you’re in the right place. Because we will discuss it in this article.
But before we discuss it any further, we will discuss in advance about the origin of this zika virus, how the cycle of transmission and the dangers that arise when you are infected with this virus.
So, in this article, you will know more about the zika virus, especially the symptoms and treatment of zika virus. And you are expected to take reasonable precautions against its spread.
The Origin of Zika virus
Actually, this virus is not a new virus. Because the virus was first discovered by researchers in 1947, which is derived from Rhesus monkeys in the forest Zika, Uganda, Africa.
The word “Zika” itself, taken from the name of the forest where rhesus monkeys infected with this virus when it was first discovered.
And zika virus itself, known to start spread and infect the human body around in 1950, especially in areas of Africa and Asia which are located in the area around the Equator.
It was only in 1968 cases of infection of the disease began to occur, precisely in Nigeria.
This virus actually originated from a mosquito bite that causes dengue fever, because it is derived from the same species of mosquito. This virus is a type of virus that is derived from the genus flavivirus family, Flaviviridae.
In 2014, Zika began known to spread to the Eastern region through the Pacific Ocean towards the area of French Polynesia.
Then in 2015, zika began to spread to the Easter Island to Central America, the Caribbean, to South America.
And along with its development, zika virus to grow and spread and infect the human body up to more than 20 countries in the Americas, especially in the tropics.
Transmission Cycle of Zika virus
As many informed by many media, that the spread of this virus comes from mosquitoes, precisely the type of aedes aegypti mosquito. In general, the mosquito is able to spread the virus zika to several of States in the world.
However, there are also other types of mosquitoes that could potentially spread the virus, that is Aedes albopictus.
Both mosquito species are from regions of Africa and Asia.
Aedes Albopictus is also known as the Asian tiger mosquito designation premises with traits have white stripes on its body and it is one type of aggressive mosquitoes.
Both species of mosquitoes usually bite during the day and evening, so when we use a mosquito net at night, it is so no longer useful to prevent this zika virus. In fact, every species of mosquitoes can also infect people with dengue, chikungunya, and yellow fever.
Recommended Reading : 16 Incredible Health Benefits of Water For Human Body
Zika Virus Symptoms
Some experts or an expert researcher sees many similarities between the symptoms of dengue fever zika. Both are preceded by a fever that rises and falls, as well as severe muscle pains in the joints and bones. Sometimes this is accompanied also by some other symptoms such as nausea, dizziness, discomfort in the abdomen, feeling weak and lethargic great.
Some similarity of symptoms makes this disease mistakenly identified as dengue fever.
However, in fact, there are some typical symptoms that we can differentiate between the symptoms of viral infection with symptoms of fever zika. Some of these signs include fever tend to be too high, sometimes, the maximum temperature was only 38 degrees Celsius.
In addition, there is also a red rash on the skin or a rash shaped maculopapular widened with thin raised bumps. Sometimes this rash comprehensive dilated form a kind of dark and brownish red rash that is flat and prominent.
Then came the pain in the joints and muscles, sometimes accompanied by bruising and swelling in the joints and muscles such as bumps and mild sprain. Complaints appear to resemble the eye infection conjunctivitis with eye redness, and sometimes the red color of the eye is very strong which indicates as a rash on the inside of the eyelid.
The Dangerous of Zika virus
Zika becomes a problem that is widespread, not only in Brazil but also in various other parts of the world. And this is happening since mid-2015, with about 500,000 people infected with this virus at first, then grown to about 1.5 million people were infected.
Zika virus deployment coincides with the increase in the number of babies born with the disease suffer from microcephaly, a condition in which the baby’s brain is not perfect Tumbi to full size and small size causes the baby’s head or abnormal.
It is a shocking news of the world, which according to a report from The Wall Street Journal, between 2010 and 2014, brazil had an average of 156 babies born each year with microcephaly. However, in 2015, more than 3,000 babies born with the condition.
Actually, Zika has been recognized as a disease that is generally not dangerous if it is marked by fever, rash, joint pain, and red eyes. It might even, one in four people who are affected by this disease are not recognized it.
However, zika be a very dangerous disease because it has caused serious defects in thousands of babies who are born, especially in Brazil.
Prevention of Zika virus
OK, Health Tips Seekers, you should know that at this moment, there are no drugs or vaccines are found to prevent or treat of zika virus infections. Thus, the steps that we can do to prevent mosquito bites that have zika virus is to do things that can reduce the sources of mosquitoes reproduce itself, in addition to reducing contact with these animals.
Prevention is always best than cure. So, you can do some things to reduce sources multiply and reducing contact to the mosquito’s like using mosquito repellent, wear clothes that cover the majority of our body and the clothing should have a bright color.
Then, try to use a mosquito net when you try to sleep on your bed. In addition, cleaning buckets, flowerpots, bathtubs, as well as other places that could potentially be a mosquito life.
The things you can do as a precaution could have a very big role in reducing the risk of virus infection this zika. And for those who can not take care of herself as children, the sick and the elderly, you should pay special attention to them.
However, if you are already or was infected by this virus, there are some ways that you could do, as we have quoted from a site www.cdc.gov that is following:
1. Get plenty of rest.
2. Drink plenty of water to prevent dehydration.
3. Take medications such as acetaminophen to reduce the heat and treat the pain and stiffness.
4. Do not take aspirin or drugs non-steroidal anti-inflammatory (NSAIDs), such as ibuprofen and naproxen. Aspirin and NSAIDs should be avoided until the fever down to reduce the risk of hemorrhage (bleeding).
That’s four things you can do if you already or was infected by the disease this zika. However, we suggest you maximize prevention rather than treatment.
In related to combat this zika virus, we are trying to review it in this article. Hopefully, the article about the symptoms and treatment of this zika virus could be useful for you all. If you found this article useful, please to share with your friends and family.
Let us together avoid you, your family and those closest to us of this zika virus attacks by maintaining cleanliness as well as awareness of the presence of mosquitoes around us.